How to Preserve Chillies: Top Methods

A mainstay of many Australian kitchens, chillies provide a range of foods with spice and taste. You can enjoy well-preserved chilli throughout the year, regardless of the season. In this article, you will learn how to preserve chillies successfully to maintain their taste and quality.

Why Preserve Chillies?

Chillies are very beneficial to preserve.

  • Extended Shelf Life: Keep chillies usable for months or even years.
  • Convenience: Have chillies readily available for cooking.
  • Cost-Effective: Take advantage of seasonal deals and avoid wastage.
  • Enhanced Flavours: Some preservation methods intensify the flavour of chillies.

Methods to Preserve Chillies

Drying Chillies

Chilli preservation has been done for a very long time. Chilli can be dried in a variety of ways:

Air Drying

  • Preparation: Give them a good wash and pat them dry.
  • Hanging: Using a needle and thread, string the chillies together and hang them in a well-ventilated space away from direct sunlight.
  • Drying Time: Chilies might take many weeks to fully air dry. They ought to become touch-dry and brittle.

Oven Drying

  • Preparation: wash and chop lengthwise. If you prefer your heat to be lessened, remove the seeds.
  • Oven Settings: Preheat the oven to the lowest setting (around 60 °C).
  • Drying Process: Spread the chillies in a single layer on a baking sheet, checking often, and dry them in the oven for 6 to 8 hours.
  • Cooling: The dried chiles should be allowed to cool before being put in an airtight container.

Freezing Chillies

Freezing chiles is an easy and practical way to keep them fresh.

  • Preparation: Hand wash and wipe dry the chillies. They freeze well, whether chopped or sliced.
  • Freezing: Freeze the chillies until firm, arranged in a single layer on a baking pan. This prevents them from clumping together.
  • Storage: Refrigerate the frozen chillies after transferring them to an airtight container or zip-lock bag.

Pickling Chillies

Pickling is an excellent method to preserve chiles and gives them a tart taste.

  • Preparation: Wash and chop the peppers before starting. Leave the seeds in for higher heat.
  • Brine Solution: A brine is made by boiling equal parts vinegar and water, then adding sugar and salt to taste. For additional taste, use garlic, bay leaves, or mustard seeds.
  • Pickling Process: Leave some headroom, put the chiles in sterilized jars, and cover them with hot brine. Jars should be sealed and left to cool.
  • Storage: Store the pickled chillies in the refrigerator. They are usually ready to eat after a week and can last for several months.

Making Chilli Paste

Chilli paste is a multipurpose component that works well in a number of recipes.

  • Preparation: WCut and wash the chillies. If you want a paste that is milder, remove the seeds.
  • Cooking: In a pan of oil, sauté the chillies until they are softened with garlic, onions, and other spices.
  • Blending: Combine the ingredients to form a silky paste. Tailor the vinegar and salt to your taste.
  • Storage: Spoon the paste into sterilized jars. It keeps for many months in the refrigerator or, for longer storage, in the freezer.

Fermenting Chillies

In addition to preserving chiles, fermentation imparts a distinctive, tart taste.

  • Preparation: First, wash and cut the chilies. Should you so desire, put them in a jar with garlic.
  • Brine Solution: Shake two teaspoons of salt in one liter of water to make a brine.
  • Fermentation Process: Totally immerse the chiles in the brine. To keep the chilies submerged in brine, use a weight.
  • Fermentation Time: After sealing the jar for one to two weeks at room temperature, seal it with an airlock or loose cover. Check often, and clean off any surface-forming mold.
  • Storage: Refrigerate the chiles once they have fermented. They only last for a few months.

By using these methods, you can make sure that your chiles are always a mainstay in your kitchen, ready to infuse a taste explosion into your favorite recipes.

Tips for Preserving Chillies

  • Use Fresh Chillies: Make sure your chiles are fresh and devoid of any deterioration before storing.
  • Sterilise Jars and Containers: To avoid infection, sterilize jars and containers before use.
  • Label and Date: To track the shelf life of your preserved chiles, label and date them.
  • Store in a Cool, Dark Place: Store it somewhere cool and dark. For best quality, store dried and preserved chiles in a dark, cold location.


Preserving chiles is one satisfying way to improve your culinary creations and extend their shelf life. Any way you decide to dry, freeze, pickle, paste, or ferment your chillies has advantages and tastes of its own. Australian home owners can add heat and excitement to their meals all year round by following this approach and enjoying the bright flavor of chiles.

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