What is Progressive Cavity Pump?

Progressive cavity pumps are versatile and effective equipment used in a variety of industries to control fluids of varying viscosity. These pumps are notably valued for their ability to regulate both severely abrasive and delicate materials while maintaining performance. In this article you will learn what is progressive cavity pump, including their operating principles, applications, and benefits.

Understanding Progressive Cavity Pumps


A progressive cavity pump is a type of positive displacement pump, often known as a helical rotor pump or an eccentric screw pump. It consists of a helical rotor revolving inside a stator, which creates cavities that go from the pump’s input to its output, thus moving fluid through the pump.

Working Principle

A progressive cavity pump works through the interaction of the rotor and stator.

  • Rotor: This metal helical component revolves inside the stator.
  • Stator: A fixed component is typically made of elastic material and is helical in shape, similar to the rotor.

As it turns, the rotor forms chambers that contain the stator, which moves from the inlet to the outlet. These cavities transport fluid in a continuous and seamless flow. The pump’s design allows it to handle solids and fluids with varying viscosities.

Key Components of a Progressive Cavity Pump


The rotor is usually made of high-strength steel or stainless steel and is designed to withstand wear and strain. Its helical structure is critical for creating the advancing chambers that propel the fluid through the pump.


The stator, which is often made of an elastomeric component, ensures that the rotor and stator seal tightly. This sealing action determines the pump’s efficiency as well as its ability to handle abrasive and high-viscosity fluids.

Drive Shaft

The drive shaft connects the rotor to the motor, transferring the rotational energy required to operate the pump.

Coupling Rod

The coupling rod facilitates the eccentric rotation required to create the progressive cavities by transmitting movement from the drive shaft to the rotor.

Suction and Discharge Ports

The pump receives and discharges fluid through its suction and discharge openings. These ports can be tailored to specific applications, increasing flow while decreasing resistance.

Applications of Progressive Cavity Pumps

Oil and Gas Industry

Progressive cavity pumps are frequently used in the oil and gas industry to transfer crude oil, especially in applications where the fluid is viscous or contains solid particles.

Wastewater Treatment

These pumps are used in wastewater treatment plants to handle sludge, slurry, and other abrasive materials. Their ability to manage solids makes them an ideal choice for this application.

Food and Beverage Industry

Progressive cavity pumps assist the food and beverage industry in managing delicate products such as dairy, fruit purees, and sauces. The gentle pumping motion preserves the product’s texture and quality.

Chemical Industry

These pumps are used in the chemical industry to transport a wide range of compounds, including abrasive and caustic substances. Their robust construction ensures dependability and longevity in difficult environments.

Construction Industry

Progressive cavity pumps are used in the building industry for applications such as grouting, cement pumping, and transferring construction slurries. Their ability to manage high-viscosity materials makes them well-suited for these jobs.

Benefits of Progressive Cavity Pumps


One of the standout features of progressive cavity pumps is their versatility. They can handle fluids ranging from low to high viscosity, and they perform well with abrasive, corrosive, and solid-laden materials.

Gentle Pumping Action

By ensuring a continuous and smooth flow, progressive cavity pumps reduce shear and pulsation. In industries where fluid integrity is critical, this simple step is extremely beneficial.

High Efficiency

Progressive cavity pumps are highly efficient because they maintain a consistent flow rate regardless of fluid viscosity. This efficiency leads to reduced energy use and operating costs.

Low Maintenance

The design of progressive cavity pumps results in minimal wear and tear, leading to lower maintenance requirements. The pumps are easy to disassemble and service, which reduces downtime and maintenance costs.


Customised pumps meet specific application requirements. Rotor and stator materials, pump size, and port designs can all be customised to optimise performance for specific applications.

Maintenance Tips for Progressive Cavity Pumps

Regular Inspection

Investigate frequently to detect rotor and stator wear and tear. Early detection of problems reduces the need for costly repairs and downtime.


To reduce friction and extend the life of moving parts, ensure the pump is properly oiled.


Maintaining the cleanliness of the pump and its components helps to prevent the accumulation of waste, which can injure or reduce efficiency.

Monitor Performance

Monitor the pump’s performance indicators, such as pressure and flow rate, on a regular basis. Any deviations from regular performance may indicate concerns that require addressing.


Many Australian enterprises across various industries use progressive cavity pumps as a useful tool for handling a wide range of fluids. Many applications call for its versatility, smooth pumping action, and low maintenance requirements. Understanding their working principles, primary components, and benefits will help you decide whether to put progressive cavity pumps in your operations.

Progressive cavity pumps can improve overall efficiency in a variety of industries, including food and beverage, wastewater treatment, oil and gas, and others. Investing in these pumps ensures a robust and adaptable solution to meet your fluid handling requirements.